March 24, 2014
By Samantha Dana
Each year, as part of the president’s budget request, the White House Office of Management and Budget releases projected spending on grants to the 50 states and the District of Columbia. This is a reminder of the impact of federal spending on state budgets as well as on state residents, who receive direct assistance through programs funded by federal grants.
Numbers are in constant 2015 dollars, meaning all figures have been adjusted for inflation and can be compared across years.
Special Education Grants to States are funds from the Department of Education given to states to help offset the costs of providing a free appropriate public education to children with disabilities.
The Title I program of the Department of Education provides funding to help provide equitable education to children in low-income schools.
E-Rate, also known as the Schools and Libraries Program of the Universal Service Fund and administered by the Federal Communications Commission, funds discounts on telecommunications connectivity – such as Internet – for schools and libraries.
These grants from the Environmental Protection Agency provide states with funds to loan to municipalities to construct water treatment facilities.
These grants from the Environmental Protection Agency provide states with funds to loan to municipalities to build and repair drinking water infrastructure.
The Child and Adult Care Food Program of the Department of Agriculture provides meals and snacks to children in settings such as emergency shelters and afterschool programs, and to adults in adult day care.
The National School Lunch Program, run by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, subsidizes school lunches and snacks and mandates nutrition standards and poverty guidelines for free and reduced-cost lunches.
The School Breakfast Program of the Department of Agriculture offsets the cost of providing breakfast to children in schools and residential childcare institutions, especially low-income children.
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is a U.S. Department of Agriculture program that supplies nutritious foods and health education to low-income pregnant women and children up to five years of age.
State Administrative Matching Grants for SNAP from the Department of Agriculture reimburse states for costs incurred in running the SNAP program.
The Community Development Block Grant is a Department of Housing and Urban Development program which allocates funding annually to states and cities to promote urban renewal and serve low-income populations. Grantees decide how to use CDBG funds to better their communities.
Head Start distributes Department of Health and Human Services funds to local agencies who offer educational services to low-income children before they enter kindergarten.
The Public Housing Capital Fund of the Department of Housing and Urban Development provides money to public housing agencies for the development, financing, and renovation of public housing.
The Public Housing Operating Fund of the Department of Housing and Urban Development funds the management and operation of public housing.
Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers direct funds from the Department of Housing and Urban Development to landlords on behalf of low-income tenants who qualify for assistance.
The Vocational Rehabilitation grant program of the Department of Education funds services to help disabled people prepare for and maintain gainful employment.
The Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), overseen by the Department of Health and Human Services, provides federal matching funds that help states insure low-income children. A state may expand Medicaid to cover these children, pay the premium of a private plan for the individual, or a combination of both.
Medicaid is funding given by the Department of Health and Human Services to states to provide medical services to low income or medically-needy residents.
Funds from the Adoption Assistance program of the Department of Health and Human Services provide subsidies to help cover the costs of adopting children with special needs.
The Child Care and Development Block Grant of the Department of Health and Human Services funds subsidies for low-income families who need child care.
The Child Care and Development Fund – Mandatory of the Department of Health and Human Services provides annual funding to states to help low-income families offset the costs of child care.
The Child Care and Development Fund – Matching of the Department of Health and Human Services provides states money to help low-income families afford child care that the state must match.
Foster Care funds from the Department of Health and Human Services provide money to states to help offset the costs of maintaining safe and stable care for children not under the care of their parents.
The Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) of the Department of Health and Human Services provides funds to low-income households to help them meet home energy costs; payments may also be made directly to energy providers on the beneficiary’s behalf.
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) is a Department of Health and Human Services formula grant which sends money to states to determine how best to meet the objectives of the program, which include job preparation and keeping children with their families.
The Airport Improvement Program of the Department of Transportation provides money to public-use airports to design, maintain, or improve those airports.
The Highway Planning and Construction program of the Department of Transportation funds the improvement of the interstate highway system and other public roads.