Federal Budget Analysis: Budget Process

The Fiscal Cliff Deal

Jan. 2, 2013

At the eleventh hour, Congress and President Obama reached a deal to address the fiscal cliff. The deal focused on tax revenue and included a number of changes to the tax code, including a permanent extension of the Bush-era tax cuts on income below $450,000 for families and below $400,000 for individuals.


What is the Fiscal Cliff? Resources on the Bush Tax Cuts, Sequestration, and the Lame Duck Congress

Nov. 7, 2012

In the coming weeks, Congress will take on the fiscal cliff and make decisions about the Bush tax cuts, the automatic spending cuts known as sequestration, and a host of other tax and spending issues that will affect every American. We've got all the details in plain English so you can follow these important negotiations and tell Congress your priorities.


Competing Visions

March 28, 2012

This week the House of Representatives will consider two significantly different alternatives to the president’s fiscal 2013 budget request— the Republican draft budget resolution, introduced by Rep. Paul Ryan, and an alternative introduced by the Congressional Progressive Caucus (CPC). The two budgets offer vastly different visions for the nation, and each uses the president’s budget as a baseline to compare their contrasting proposals. Rep. Ryan reduces tax rates as well as spending, finding savings largely from domestic programs that serve low-income people, including Medicaid and the food stamp program. The CPC increases revenues with higher tax rates on wealthy individuals and corporations, while adding substantial new spending for job creation and making few changes to domestic programs.


Primary Stakes

March 5, 2012

The presidential election is about voters’ vision for how the federal government should serve the American people, so National Priorities Project is examining the extent to which residents of key primary states currently rely on federal support. Federal money often comprises a third or more of state budgets, while residents of those states receive thousands of dollars of direct federal assistance from programs ranging from Social Security and Medicare to Pell Grants or unemployment compensation.

Also Includes:


President Obama's Fiscal Year 2013 Budget

Feb. 29, 2012

On Feb. 13, the president released his budget proposal for FY 2013. National Priorities Project looks at the numbers, the history behind them, and why the president's budget matters.

Also Includes:


Analysis of Fiscal Year 2013 Pentagon Spending Request

Feb. 16, 2012

On February 14, 2012 the Obama Administration released the government's Fiscal Year 2013 budget request. The budget proposal includes $525 billion for the Department of Defense, not including funding for military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan or the nuclear weapons activities of the Department of Energy. The Pentagon is seeking ways to reduce spending by $487 billion over the next decade.


An Economy That’s Built to Last: The 2012 State of the Union Address

Jan. 26, 2012

National Priorities Project takes apart President Obama’s last State of the Union Address in his first term as president.


Year End Wrap-Up

Sept. 28, 2011

September 30th marks the end of the fiscal year for the U.S. Government, and if you've had trouble following events in Washington, you're in good company. NPP pulls together key events of 2011 and offers a look ahead to critical decisions awaiting our elected officials.


End of the Year Military Spending Wrap-Up

Aug. 26, 2011

In the coming weeks the “Super Committee” of twelve Senators and Members of Congress will begin deliberating ways to generate as much as $1.5 trillion in deficit reduction over a decade. Beginning with the military, NPP will create a clearer picture of the budgetary decisions that await the Committee.


Analysis of the Fiscal Year 2011 Budget Agreement

April 13, 2011

Quite literally at the 11th hour on Friday, April 8, narrowly averting a government shutdown, Democratic and Republican congressional leaders and President Obama reached agreement on a spending bill that will fund the federal government for the last six months of Fiscal Year (FY) 2011, which ends on September 30, 2011. The agreement is actually two bills – a seven day Continuing Resolution to allow time for the last minute work needed to enact the full spending package, and a Continuing Resolution (CR) that funds government, unless otherwise specified, at FY2010 levels for the remainder of FY2011.